The Obvious
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Corcovado Mountain & Christ the Redeemer

Christ the Redeemer

The Corcovado mountain is a granite rock in the Tijuca Forrest. On top of the mountain is a 98 ft. statue of Jesus (Christ the Redeemer). The statue is visible from great distances all over the city. The observation deck is very popular, receiving over 300,000 visitors a year. Local as well as international visitors enjoy the panoramic view which includes the famous beaches of Copacabana and Ipanema, the city center, Sugar loaf mountain, the Rodrigo de Freitas lake, the Maracanã stadium and lots of the favela's of Rio de Janeiro.
Amongst the past visitors you can find Princess Diana of Wales, Albert Einstein and Pope John Paul II.

History:

The history of Corcovado starts in the XVI century. The Portuguese baptized the mountain as "Pico de Tentação", named after a biblical mountain. It was only in the XVII century that the actual name "Corcovado" was given, inspired by the form of the mountain "uma corcund" wich means hunchback. In 1824, two years after the independence of Basil, Dom Pedro I led an expedition to the top of the mountain opening a trail to the peak of Corcovado. In 1859 priest Pedro Maria Boss suggested to Princess Isabella to build a religious monument on the peak of the mountain. In 1882 Dom Pedro II gave authorization to build a railroad on Corcovado and in 1884 the first part until "as Paneiras" was ready. One year later the final part until the top of the mountain was also ready giving it a total length of 2.36 miles (3800 m.). It was only in 1921 that the priests idea was picked up again to celebrate the 100 years of independance of Brasil. The first stone was laid on April 4th. 1922. One year later, after a contest between different schools the project of Engineer Heitor da Silva Costa won. The design of the statue was by the hand of Carlos Oswald and the sculptor was Paul Maximilian Landowski from France. In 1931, the statue of Christ the redeemer was officially inaugurated. In 1980 the railroad was refurbished and the latest addition are the automatic stairs which where added in 2003.

Facts and figures:

Inaugration August, 12 1931
Sculptor Paul Maximilian Landowski
Total Height 125 ft. (38 m.)
Statue Height 98 ft. (30 m.)
Width (betwen the tips of the hands) 98 ft. (30 m.)
Location

Top of the mountain Corcovado
2,329 ft. (710 m.)


Corcovado Train Station

Address:
Rua Cosme Velho, 513 Rio de Janeiro RJ 22241-090 Brazil

Latitude: -22.9403912
Longitude: -43.1985648
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