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Museum of the Republic

Museum of the Republic

The Baron of Nova Friburgo, Antonio Clemente Pinto, owner of 15 farms located in the highlands of the state of Rio de Janeiro was living in Nova Friburgo but wanted to move to the city of Rio de Janeiro.  The Baron contracted a German architect Carl Friedrich Gustav Waehneldt to build his mansion called "Palace Nova Friburgo" (nowadays  Catete Palace). It was built between 1858 and 1867 and is located in the neighborhood of Catete.  He also contracted people of different nationalities, like German, Portuguese, French and Brazilians, with different specialties, such as architects, painters, sculptors, plasterers, carvers and carpenters  among others and of course a lot of slaves to do the work. In July 1866 the family Clemente Pinto moved to the new palace. But 3 years after the Baron's passed away and his wife Laura Clementina Pinto da Silva also died the following year. Their son Antonio Clemente Pinto inherited the palace.


In 1889 the palace was sold to the Company  "grand international hotel" . The company wanted to transform the palace into a hotel, but it did not work out very well so the Palace was sold to the counselor of the Empire Francisco de Paula Mayrink.
In 1896 the Federal Treasury bought  the palace and adapted it for the function of the executive office of the  Republic. On February 24th, 1897 the Presidential Palace was inaugurated and was now called "Palace of Catete". When the federal capital of Brazil was moved to Brasilia on April 21st 1960, the Catete Palace became the Republic Museum.
The building is a prime example of neoclassical architecture in Rio's original construction, It  has iron-cast eagles on top of the facade. Inside each room is a work of art. When you enter the hallway you will be impressed by the magnificent staircase. This stairs were prefabricated in cast iron in Europe. Behind the central staircase you can find the hall that served for  Ministerial meetings of the president and his ministers. To the right you'll find a room with pictures of the family of Baron of Nova Friburgo. Moving up the stairs you will see a copy of the metal sculpture of Aphrodite of Capua.
The second floor has several rooms, all with different themes. It has a chapel, The French Room (Blue Room) Louis XIV style, the hall or ballroom with mythological scenes, the Pompeian room with reference to the discoveries of Pompeii, the Venetian exhibition hall with large mirrors and heavy furniture, the Moorish hall with Islamic art and the Banquet hall. The third floor was the floor with the bedrooms of the family of Baron and afterwards of the families of the presidents. One of the rooms still has the furniture of  President GetĂșlio Vargas where he committed suicide on August 24, 1954.

Visiting Hours:

time Tue. thru Fri. from 10:00 am. until 5:00 pm.
Sat., Sun. and holidays from 2:00 pm. until 6:00 pm.
dollar R$ 6,00

Museum of the Republic

Rua Do Catete, 153 Rio de Janeiro RJ Brazil

Latitude: -22.925873
Longitude: -43.176258
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