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Samba is without a doubt, the musical rhythm that is most associated with Rio de Janeiro. The association with the Carnival of Rio de Janeiro only makes the samba even more popular. However, it is not only during the summertime that you can enjoy this music, there are lots of opportunities to listen to this music, or even better, get up and let the rhythm lead you to the dance floor. With the recent revitalization of the "Lapa" neighborhood, you can participate to a life performance of samba virtually every day of the year. The samba is a musical style dominated by percussion, which is accounted for by its roots in the music played by African slaves in the late nineteenth century. Over the years various African rhythms and musical elements became part of this music style, like the "maxixe"(a kind of Brazilian Tango), the "lundu" (a dance from the "Batuques"- Bantu slaves) and the "modinha" (the first type of popular Brazilian music played on the guitar), culminating in what we know today as samba. Today, with the development of this music style, the samba itself is split into different styles such as the "pagoda" (which incorporates more modern rhythms), the "partido alto" (a form of improvisation), and "marchas e sambas-enredo" (with a faster pace and played used for carnival and samba schools).


the Carioca funk began in the 80s, in the poor communities of Rio de Janeiro, better known as "favelas". The ingredients for Carioca funk are a mixture of electronic beats and hip hop, spiced with the typical slang of these communities. In the beginning the carioca funk was a little bit frowned upon, but nowadays it is already incorporated the culture of the city.
The performances already take place in all parts of the city and are not restricted to the outskirts of the city anymore. The places where they play this kind of music are also attended by people of all classes. The provocative and sensual dance steps on itself are a joy for the eye and from time to time creating a new fashion.


The lyrics of the music are full of humor and often have a double meaning to underline the sensuality of this music style. One thing worth knowing about this music style. According to a legend, the name for this musical style goes back to some British engineers during the construction of a railway in Pernambuco (in north east of Brazil). A dance-party "for all" was organized at the beginning of the twentieth century. And this "for all" became "Forró".


Chôro or more traditionally known as chorinho (literally it means cry or little cry), is an animated and happy music style with roots in the end of the XIXth century.
At the end of the 19th century, Brazilian Musicians from Rio started to interpret a few foreign rhythms like the waltz and the polka to come o the Chorinho style. The bands playing chorinho feature mostly strings, like the guitar, the mandolin, the cavaquinho (a little instrument with four strings that looks a lot like a ukulele), the flute (for the major part of the solo's) and the frame drum, which is responsible for the base rhythm. The more modern bands tend also to use saxes, trombones, trumpets end clarinets.
Chorinho is a style that demands a lot of technique and virtuosity from the musicians, for the melodies have complex harmonies and are up-tempo.
Try to assist a session of chorinhoro, you find yourself going back into time to the antique Rio of the late 19th century.